Solar Photovoltaic

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A thin-film solar cell (TFSC), also called a thin-film photovoltaic cell (TFPV), is a second generation solar cell that is made by depositing one or more thin layers, or thin film (TF) of photovoltaic material on a substrate, such as glass, plastic or metal. Thin-film solar cells are commercially used in several technologies, including cadmium telluride (CdTe), copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS), and amorphous and other thin-film silicon (a-Si, TF-Si).
A copper indium gallium selenide solar cell or CIGS cell uses an absorber made of copper, indium, gallium, selenide (CIGS), while gallium-free variants of the semiconductor material are abbreviated CIS. It is one of three mainstream thin-film technologies, with a lab-efficiency above 20 percent and a share of 2 percent in the overall PV market in 2013. Traditional methods of fabrication involve vacuum processes including co-evaporation and sputtering, and rotary magnetron sputtering technology is used in all major forms of solar cell technology.


Materials Applied To Solar Photovoltaic

Product Name Element Symbol purity shape
Materials List Applied To Solar Photovoltaic
Germanium Sputtering Target Ge 99.999 Round, rectangle
Nickel Chromium Sputtering Target Ni + Cr 3N, 3N6, 4N Planar target, Rotary target
Copper Gallium Sputtering Target Cu + Ga 4N, 5N Planar target, Rotary target
Copper Indium Gallium Sputtering Target Cu + In +Ga 4N, 5N Planar target, Rotary target
Nickel Sputtering Target Ni 3N, 3N6, 4N, 4N5, 5N Planar target, Rotary target
Nickel Vanadium Sputtering Target Ni + V 3N, 3N6, 4N Planar target, Rotary target
Copper Indium Sputtering Target Cu + In 4N, 5N Planar target, Rotary target
Titanium Sputtering Target Ti 3N, 4N, 4N5, 5N Planar target, Rotary target
Vanadium Sputtering Target V 2N5, 3N Planar target, Rotary target